§ 107 n. 1. Cantor has shown that it is necessary to separate the study of Cardinal and Ordinal numbers, which are distinct entities, of which the former are simpler, but of which both are essential to ordinary Mathematics. On Ordinal numbers, cf. Chaps. XXIX, XXXVIII, infra. ↩

§ 108 n. 1. See Peano, F. 1901, p. 6 ff. and Padoa, Théorie Algébrique des Nombres Entiers, Congrès, Vol. III, p. 314 ff. ↩

§ 108 n. 2. Cf. Burali-Forti, Sur les différentes définitions du nombre réel, Congrès, III, p. 294 ff. ↩

§ 109 n. 1. Cf. Peano, F. 1901, § 32, ·0, Note. ↩

§ 110 n. 1. On the necessity of this condition, cf. Padoa, loc. cit., p. 324. Padoa appears not to perceive, however, that *all* definitions define the single individual of a class; when what is defined is a class, this must be the only term of some class of classes. ↩

The Principles of Mathematics was written by Bertrand Russell, and published in in 1903. It is now available in the Public Domain.